Nobel Peace Prize: 6 winners who remained in controversies and the case for not honoring Gandhi

 Nobel Peace Prize being given since 1991

The Nobel Peace Prize for 2021 was announced on Friday. This year's Nobel Peace Prize has been announced to be awarded to Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov. Both of them have been given this award for their efforts to protect the freedom of expression.

"Both have tried to protect the freedom of speech which is an essential condition of democracy and peace," said a tweet by the Nobel Prize-winning body.

Maria Ressa is a well-known Philippine journalist who runs a website called Repler. Due to asking difficult questions to the government, he has also faced many problems in the Philippines. Ressa was born in the Philippines but moved to America as a child. He studied at Princeton University.

Dmitry Muratov is also a journalist and has founded an independent newspaper named Novaja Gazeta. He has been advocating freedom of speech in Russia for decades.

The winner of this prestigious award gets an amount close to eight and a half crores. These two have been selected out of 329 candidates. The Nobel is one of the biggest prizes in the world. The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the six prizes that were instituted by Swedish scientist, businessman and philanthropist Alfred Noble.

 

But because of its connection to politics, the Peace Prize has been more controversial than the other five Nobel Prizes. We are telling here about some people who got into controversy over the award and one person who was criticized for not giving the award.



Barack Obama

Many people objected to the awarding of the Nobel Prize to former US President Barack Obama. Obama himself was surprised to receive this award.

In his biography published in the year 2020, he wrote that his first reaction after the announcement of the award was, "For what".

He had become president nine months earlier, and critics said it was a hasty decision. The nomination process for the Nobel Prize ended just 12 days after Obama took office.

In 2015, the director of the Nobel Institute, Ger Lundeston, told the BBC that the committee that took this decision later regretted it.

Yasir Arafat

Former Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat was given this award in 1994 for the Oslo peace agreement with the then Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Robin and Israel's Foreign Minister Shimon Peres.

The agreement brought a hope of resolving the Israel-Palestinian dispute.

It was criticized in Israel and other countries because Arafat had previously been involved in paramilitary activities.

There was controversy over this decision in the Nobel Committee. One member, Kair Christinesen, resigned in protest against the decision.


 Aung San Suu Kyi

In 1991, Suu Kyi was awarded this award for her peaceful movement against Myanmar's military rule.

But 20 years later, Aung San Suu Kyi was accused of human rights abuses and murder of Rohingya Muslims while she was supreme leader. The UN called it a 'genocide'.

There was also a demand to withdraw the Nobel Prize from Aung San Suu Kyi, but the rules of the Nobel Prize do not allow this.


 Abi ahmed

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed was awarded this award in December 2020. This award was given to him for trying to resolve the long-running disputes with the neighboring country Eritrea.

But only after a year, questions started arising on this decision.

The international community raised questions as to whether Ahmed's military deployment to northern Tigri was justified.

Thousands of people had to lose their lives fighting there. The United Nations called it a "tragic tragedy". 

 

Wangari Mathai

In 2004, the former Kenyan social worker became the first woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

But after his statement related to HIV and AIDS came to the fore, he was criticized a lot.

Mathai said that the HIV virus is an artificially created biological weapon and it is designed to eliminate black people.

There is no scientific evidence to substantiate his claim.


 Henry Kissinger

In 1973, the then US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Kissinger's name was associated with the secret bombing campaign in Cambodia and the brutal military rule in South America, so many questions were raised about his name.

Kinsinger was given this honor along with Vietnamese leader Le Duc Tho, who had made a significant contribution to stopping the Vietnam War.


 Gandhi did not get Nobel Prize

The Nobel Peace Prize has also been in discussion due to not being given to many people.

Perhaps at the top of these names is Mahatma Gandhi. Despite being nominated several times, Gandhi was not given this honor.

In 2006, Norwegian historian and then chairman of the Peace Prize Committee, Ger Lundestad, said that not honoring Gandhi's achievements was one of the biggest mistakes in Nobel history.