What is the Occus Agreement between America, Britain and Australia?

China has criticized the historic security agreement 'Ocus' between the US, Britain and Australia, calling it extremely irresponsible. China has said that this is an example of small thinking.

China has condemned the defence agreement between the US, Britain and Australia, saying that it reflects the 'cold war mentality'. Earlier, Britain, America and Australia had announced a special security agreement.

Under this agreement, America will also provide nuclear submarine technology to Australia. Experts believe that this new security agreement has been designed to counter China's influence in the Asia-Pacific region.

The area has been a cause of controversy for years and tensions have been brewing there. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said, "For these reasons, efforts to stop the international proliferation of weapons are hampered."

He condemned the new defence agreement between the US, Britain and Australia, saying that it reflects the 'cold war mentality'. Chinese state media have published editorial articles condemning the agreement.

An article in the Global Times said that with this agreement, Australia has made itself an opponent of China.

America is sharing nuclear submarine technology for the first time in 50 years

This is the first time in 50 years that the US is sharing its submarine technology with any country. Earlier, the US had shared this technology only with Britain.

This means that Australia will now be able to build nuclear-powered submarines that are much faster and more lethal than a fleet of conventionally powered submarines. These special submarines can stay underwater for months and can fire missiles over long ranges.

Earlier, US President Joe Biden, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison gave information about the 'Ocus' agreement in a joint virtual press conference.

Although no one directly mentioned China during this period, all three leaders did mention the concerns about regional security time and again.

"As a first initiative under AUCUS, we are committed to building nuclear-powered submarines for the Royal Australian Navy," a joint statement on the AUCUS security agreement said.


Which countries have nuclear submarines?

 Analysts say that this alliance (Ocus) between the three countries is the most important security agreement ever since World War II.

After this partnership, Australia will have nuclear-powered submarines for the first time. This means that Australia will become the seventh country in the world to operate nuclear-powered submarines.

Prior to this, only America, Britain, France, China, India and Russia have this technology. Artificial intelligence, quantum technology and cyber partnership are also included under this agreement.

Guy Bokenstein of the Asia Society Australia said, "This really shows that all three nations are taking the initial steps to counter the (China's) offensive."

Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson, a partner country of the Ocus agreement, later said the deal would "help maintain security and stability around the world" and would also create "hundreds of jobs".

Britain's Defense Secretary Ben Wallace told the BBC that China has historically been increasing military spending, so we want our allies in that region to stand on their feet.

In recent years, Beijing has been accused of escalating tensions in disputed areas such as the South China Sea.

China claims that the things it is saying about this area are centuries-old rights and to further strengthen its claim, China is rapidly increasing its military presence in this area.

The US has also increased its military presence and is investing heavily in other partners in the region such as Japan and South Korea. Analysts say having submarines in Australia is crucial to US influence in the region.

Australia-China standoff, France also angry

China is Australia's largest trading partner and the two have had good relations for years.

But political tensions in recent years have created a deep rift between the two countries.

Australia's criticism of China over Weigar Muslims, restrictions on some Huawei technology and calls for an investigation into China's role in the coronavirus pandemic have led to a rift between the two countries. Western nations are also concerned about China's investment in rapidly growing infrastructure in the Indo-Pacific.

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said that America stands firmly with Australia in its defence against China.

"Beijing has seen over the past months that Australia will not back down and that threats of economic retaliation and coercion will not work," he said.

France has reacted sharply to America's deal to buy nuclear submarines with Australia.

Actually, Australia was the first to buy these nuclear submarines from France.

French Foreign Minister Jean-Eve Le Drian called it a "stab in the back". France signed an agreement five years ago to sell 12 conventionally operated submarines to Australia.

The deal was worth 56 billion euros. But then the news came that the UK-USA-Australia are making a strategic partnership deal.

The European Union has expressed displeasure over the 'Ocus' defence agreement between the US, Australia and Britain.

                                              EU response

A spokesman for the European Union, Peter Steno, expressed surprise that the union had not been informed about the deal in advance. He said that the member countries of the union will consider its effect.

The EU's representative for foreign affairs and foreign policy, Josep Burrell, said, "We have just received information about this agreement, there was no discussion with us about it. The Union's High Representative on Security Affairs But I didn't even know about it. I believe this is not a compromise that must have happened overnight. Things like this take time to happen."

"We were not talked about this earlier and I think this is the right time to think that this issue should be taken up at a higher level."

However, he said that if the member countries want, then this step can make the union more strong.