Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Malaria

 Malaria is a carrier-borne infectious disease. It is one of the most prevalent infectious diseases. Each year it affects 515 million people worldwide and causes 10 to 3 million deaths. The disease is found in tropical and subtropical regions around the equator, including most countries in Africa and Asia. In India, this disease remains throughout the year, although due to mosquito breeding, this disease occurs in more people during the rains and after the rains. According to the World Health Organization (W.H.O), India accounts for 77 per cent of the total malaria cases in Southeast Asia.

The disease is mainly prevalent in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Karnataka, Goa, southern Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and northeastern states. It is a disease in which the patient has frequent fever with cold and headache, the fever sometimes subsides and sometimes comes again and in severe cases the patient goes into coma and till his death.



What is Malaria?

In Ayurveda, malaria is called vishama jwara. In this, the three doshas of Vata, Pitta and Kapha become imbalanced and show various symptoms along with fever, but Pitta dosha plays an important role in this. Fever keeps on coming in asymmetrical fever. Sometimes in day-to-day sitting, sometimes after one day and sometimes after two days, sometimes mild and sometimes very high, the fever is very cold with shivering. Vishma fever is considered to be of five types in Ayurveda, which are as follows:

When an infected mosquito bites a human, the sporozoites enter the human blood and infect the liver cells within about 30 minutes of entering the body. That is, they start producing more germs by laying eggs there. This stage lasts for 6 to 15 days and it produces thousands of merozoites which break their cells and enter the blood and start infecting red blood cells. From here the second stage of the disease begins. Some spores of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium ovale infect the liver itself and stop and remain in a dormant state i.e. appear as inactive. They remain dormant for 6 to 12 months and then suddenly become active. By entering the red blood cell, these parasites keep multiplying themselves, thus many such steps go on. In malaria, fever attacks occur when thousands of microbes simultaneously affect new red blood cells. Malaria parasites spend almost their entire lives hiding in liver cells or red blood cells, so they escape the human body's immune system. Some of the spores are converted into male-female germs and are carried along with the blood when the mosquito bites.


Causes of Malaria


What is Malaria?

In Ayurveda, malaria is called vishama jwara. In this, the three doshas of Vata, Pitta and Kapha become imbalanced and show various symptoms along with fever, but Pitta dosha plays an important role in this. Fever keeps on coming in asymmetrical fever. Sometimes in day-to-day sitting, sometimes after one day and sometimes after two days, sometimes mild and sometimes very high, the fever is very cold with shivering. Vishma fever is considered to be of five types in Ayurveda, which are as follows:

From the discussion so far, you must have come to know that how malaria occurs. Now let's talk about why malaria occurs? Malaria is caused by a type of parasite called Plasmodium. Malaria spreads in our body only due to five types of Plasmodium parasite and mainly three of these types are responsible in most cases of malaria which are as follows-

Plasmodium falciparum – This is the most common type of malaria parasite and the majority of malaria patient deaths worldwide are caused by the Plasmodium falciparum parasite.

Plasmodium vivax – This parasite causes milder symptoms of malaria than Plasmodium falciparum but can live in the liver for up to three years and result in relapse.

Plasmodium Ovale - This parasite is uncommon and commonly found in West Africa. It can live in a person's liver for many years without showing any symptoms of malaria.

Symptoms of Malaria

In addition to fever, malaria has other symptoms, which are difficult to differentiate due to the similarity of other fevers. Malaria fever is different from normal fever, in which the patient gets very high fever every day or every day except-

- Chills and tremors.

-Joint pain.

Vomiting or nausea.

- Lack of blood in the body.

- Blood in urine.

- Having a seizure.

-Headache

-muscle pain

- Having diarrhea.

Read more - Benefits of tea for headache

Precation Tips to Get Relief from Malaria

It is necessary to make changes in lifestyle and diet to get relief from the suffering of malaria.

Diet -

Drink tea after adding basil leaves, black pepper, cinnamon and ginger.

Eat fruits like apple, guava, papaya, chikoo etc.

 

Eat lentil-rice khichdi, porridge, sabudana. It is easy to digest and nutritious.

Along with juicy fruits, sprouted seeds, grains and vegetables should be eaten.

Malaria patient should consume more and more fluids.

Simple and light food should be taken in which green leafy vegetables, boiled rice and easily digestible things should be done. Vegetable soup should also be consumed.


 In the morning, half a lemon and a spoonful of honey should be drunk with a glass of lukewarm water.

-Fresh fruit at breakfast; Drink a cup of milk mixed with honey. Eat a bowl of boiled vegetables, wheat, buttermilk etc. in the food of the day. Take a bowl of salad and boiled lentils in dinner.

Do not eat citrus fruits like mango, pomegranate, litchi, pineapple and orange in fruits.

Do not eat curd, shikanji, carrot, radish etc.

Do not eat chili-spicy, highly oily food and foods made from acid juice.

lifestyle

Keep maximum cleanliness around the patient. Water should not be allowed to stagnate anywhere for a long time.

- Fan, cooler or AC in the patient's room. Should not run

When fever comes in malaria, the patient feels very cold, so the patient should always wear fully covered and warm clothes.

Do not drink cold water and do not eat cold things.

Do not take bath with cold water.

AC in patient's room Do not drive

 

Home Remedies for Malaria

Generally, home remedies are adopted first to get rid of the problem of malarial fever. Here we will talk about some such home remedies passed by the experts of Patanjali, using which fever can be reduced.

Tulsi Benefits to Get Relief from Malaria


 

 Grind 10 grams basil leaves and 7-8 black pepper seeds in water and mix some honey in it. Taking it in the morning and evening provides relief from fever.

Ginger and Raisin Beneficial for Malaria

 

Boil a small piece of ginger and 2 spoons of raisins in a glass of water, when it boils down to half, then take it lukewarm twice a day. It helps in reducing fever.

 

Neem Benefits for Malaria

Grind together 2-3 neem leaves and four black peppercorns, then mix it with some water and boil it. When it is lukewarm, filter it and drink it.

 

Benefit of Giloy to Get Relief from Malaria

 

Crush 40 grams of Giloy and mix water in an earthen pot and keep it covered overnight. Crush it in the morning and filter it and give it to the patient to drink thrice a day.

 

Herbal Tea Beneficial for Malaria

 

Consume herbal tea regularly. Herbal tea is made by adding tamarind helps in reducing the symptoms of malaria such as fever and headache.

 

Benefits of Fenugreek to Get Relief from Malaria

 

Fenugreek seeds are the best remedy to deal with weakness due to fever, as well as it helps in the treatment of malaria by boosting the immune system of the person.

Cinnamon Benefits for Malaria

Add cinnamon to tea and drink it. Cinnamon, a powerful organic compound found in cinnamon, has anti-inflammatory properties and helps reduce the symptoms of malarial fever and body aches.

Mix 5 grams of absinthe, 2-3 cloves and half a teaspoon of cinnamon powder in a glass of warm water. Mixing this and drinking it reduces the fever caused by malaria. 

Benefit of Onion Juice to Get Relief from Malaria

 

5 ml Grind four black peppercorns in onion juice and drink it thrice a day, it provides relief.

 

Benefit of Alum to Get Relief from Malaria

 

Make a powder by roasting some alum on the pan. Drink half a teaspoon of powder with water three hours before the onset of fever. After this, taking this medicine every other hour reduces the chances of getting fever.

 

Roasted Salt Beneficial for Malaria

 

Grind the salt of plain food and roast it on the pan so that its color becomes black, brown (similar to coffee). When cool, fill in the vial. 6 grams before the onset of fever. Mix roasted salt in 1 glass of hot water and take 6 grams even after the fever subsides. Take roasted salt with warm water. Taking these two doses will definitely bring down the fever.

 

When to See a Doctor?

 

In malaria, the patient gets very high fever as well as shivering in the body. The fever in malaria is different from the normal fever. In this, except for a day, the person gets fever as well as symptoms like headache, nausea or vomiting. In such a situation, blood test and other tests should be done immediately by going to the doctor so that the treatment can be started after confirming the disease.