Essay Writing----Definition, Topics, Parts , Types

 In this article, we will learn about essay writing. What is an essay? What are the main parts of the essay? Why has essay writing been added to the curriculum? What are the types of essays and in which sections should they be divided so that they are easy to write? What are the things to be kept in mind while writing an essay? When you understand all these questions well, then you will never have any problem in writing an essay.


Many times this question is asked by people that what is an essay after all? And what is the definition of essay? In fact, an essay is a kind of prose composition. which is written sequentially.

An essay is a systematic form of the main idea and point of view of any topic. The essay is based on a particular topic. Essay is a powerful medium of communication of information, thoughts or feelings. Through essay, a person can be able to communicate his thoughts. Essay writing gives you an opportunity to express your knowledge to others.


Definition of essay

Writing your mental feelings or thoughts in a concise and controlled manner is called 'essay'.

In other words, writing your feelings on a topic in complete sequence is called 'essay'.

The word 'essay' is made up of two words - Ni + Bandha. It means well bound creation. That is, a composition that is written thoughtfully, sequentially.

On the basis of this, we can say in simple words - 'Essay is that prose composition, which is written sequentially on a topic.'


Generally, the topics of the essay are familiar topics, that is, about which we hear, see and read; Such as – religious festivals, national festivals, different types of problems, weather etc.

For successful discussion in all areas of life, we need the best essay writing. Essay can be written on any topic. Today essays are being written on social, economic, political and scientific subjects. Every subject, every object, person in the world can be the center of an essay.

Defining the essay, Acharya Ramchandra Shukla, the leading litterateur of Hindi, has said-

"In the writing of the essay, according to the tendency of his mind, the author walks on the branches scattered here and there at a free pace."

The above definition means that the essay should be according to the tendency of the writer's mind and the writing of the essay should be based on free movement, that is, the essay should be written in such a way that the author's thinking, ideological level, his own ideology on the subject should become clear.

Moreover, the author should flow like a river, without being influenced by the opinion of others. It is very important that the personal identity or selfishness of the author should not affect the subject matter.

It is not necessary that whatever you write is acceptable to everyone, it is important that you write objectively because objectivity is the first and last criterion of an essay.

Parts of an Essay


Four parts of the essay were fixed-


(1) Title –

The title should be catchy, so that people are eager to read the essay. But if you are appearing for the exam, you must have already been given the title.

(2) Preamble—

This is the foundation of the excellence of the essay. It is also called role. It should be very interesting and engaging but it should not be too long. The role should be such that it can give a glimpse of the subject matter. Which can motivate the reader to read the essay.

The essay should begin with an aphorism, a verse or an example. Use of good effective lines will make a good impression on the examiner, which will help the student to score good marks. Attractive introduction creates curiosity in the mind of the reader or examiner to read the essay further. In the essay, a brief introduction of the topic and its present form should also be given to the student in the role section. While writing a role, it is very important to keep in mind that the role should be directly related to the subject.

(3) Subject-Detail -

In this, in three to four paragraphs, their views are expressed on various aspects of the subject. In each paragraph, ideas are written on one aspect. This is the main part of the essay. It is very important for them to be balanced. Here the essayist expresses his point of view. When writing an essay, it should be written rough, what to tell first, then make points, after that write them in paragraphs.

(4) Epilogue –

It is written at the end of the essay. In this part, the things written in the essay are written in a paragraph in the form of a summary. A message can also be written in it. Essays can be ended with exhortation, quoting (writing) the thoughts of others or through a line of poetry.


Types of Essays

Types of essay and in which departments they can be divided so that essay writing can be easy –

According to the topic, almost all the essays are of three types –


(1) Descriptive –

The description of any living or non-living matter is called descriptive essay. These essays are written on the basis of place, scene, situation, person, thing etc.

For the descriptive essay, your topic should be divided into the following sections-

1. If the subject is an 'animal' -

(i) Category (ii) Receipt (iii) Shape-type (iv) Nature (v) Oddity (vi) Epilogue

2. If the subject is a 'man' -

(i) Introduction (ii) Ancient History (iii) Dynastic Tradition (iv) Language and Religion (v) Social and Political Life

3. If the subject is a 'place'

(i) Location (ii) Nomenclature (iii) History (iv) Climate (v) Craft (vi) Trade (vii) Caste-religion (viii) Place of interest (ix) Epilogue

4. If the subject is an 'object'

(i) Origin (ii) Natural or artificial (iii) Place of realization (iv) In what state is it found (v) History of artificiality (vi) Epilogue

5. If the subject is 'mountain'

(i) Introduction (ii) Plants, animals, forests etc. (iii) Caves, rivers, lakes etc. (iv) Countries, cities, pilgrimages etc. (v) Tools and decoration (vi) Humans and their life.

(2) Descriptive –

The description of a historical, mythological or incidental event is called a descriptive essay.

Details of travel, event, match, fair, season, memoir etc. are written.


To write a descriptive essay, the given topic should be divided into the following sections-

1. If the subject is 'Historical' -

(i) Time and place of the event (ii) Historical background (iii) Cause, description and outcome (iv) Criticism of good and bad and your purpose

2. If the subject is 'Life-character' -

(i) introduction, birth, lineage, parents, childhood (ii) education, tenure, fame, profession etc. (iii) contribution to the country (iv) merits and demerits (v) death, epilogue (vi) future generations his ideal for

3. If the subject is 'travelling' -

(i) Introduction, Purpose, Time, Beginning (ii) Description of the Tour (iii) Profit and Loss (iv) Description of Social, Political, Economic, Business and Art-Culture (v) Criticism and Epilogue

4. If the subject is 'accidental event' -

(i) Introduction (ii) Date, Place and Reason (iii) Description and End (iv) Falafal (v) Criticism (What is the effect on individual and society etc.?)

(3) Thoughtful –

The description of any virtue, defect, religion or fruit is called a reflective essay.

This essay does not describe anything seen or heard; It only takes work with imagination and thinking power. Thoughtful essay is more laborious than the above two types. Therefore, it requires special practice.

To write a reflective essay, the given topic should be divided into the following sections-

(i) Meaning, Definition, Role and Introduction

(ii) public or social, natural or common cause

(iii) Accumulation, comparison, merits and demerits

(iv) Profit and Loss

(v) Illustrations, proofs etc.

(vi) Epilogue


Why was essay writing included in the curriculum?

1. Students learn to collect their thoughts.

2. Be able to express ideas in a balanced way.

3. Learn to use the language appropriately.

4. Students should have their own views on any topic.

5. Their ideological level can be fixed.

6. Be able to mature at the sensory and ideological level.

7. They were able to give positive direction to their thoughts.

8. Learn to hold your thoughts firmly.

9. To develop a critical attitude.

10. A rattlesnake should not become a parrot and become a thoughtful animal.


The following points should be kept in mind while writing the essay-

(1) Before writing the essay, there should be sufficient knowledge of the related subject.

(2) Ideas should be written in sequence.

(3) The language of the essay should be interesting and simple.

(4) The sentences of the essay should be short and effective.

(5) The essay should be short. Don't write unnecessary things.

(6) There should be a proper use of grammar rules and punctuation marks.

(7) Idioms should also be used in the essay according to the topic. The use of idioms makes the essay strong.

(8) Get additional information on the topic of the essay.

(9) In the beginning, middle or end, mention the lines of the poem related to any utterance or theme.

(10) Keep in mind the word limit of the essay and do not write unnecessary things, that is, do not deviate from the topic.

(11) Express your views on all aspects related to the subject.

(12) All the articles should be related to each other.

(13) Pay attention to the correctness of spelling and language, cleanliness of the article and punctuation marks.

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