English Government

Let’s be acquainted with the Government of the English Language. It has its own constitution as a rule book popularly known as English Grammar. For its parts of speech, it has eight Departments to govern the English language all across the world. In this regard, each department aims to establish a flow of good communication in coordination with another. Thus, it enables people in common to communicate clearly and effectively.

Every department has a distinct nomenclature and a role to play. Well-written is the rule book of the Lingua Family asking us to follow it. However, an expression of thought will result in miscommunication or failure of a message if it is not in line with the rules laid down by the Government of the English language.  However, it has seen a sea- change since the Shakespearian time. A dictionary as an apex body paves the way for the functional power of any department. The pundits of linguistic society go to bat for what’s right and what’s wrong.  


The department which has the maximum numbers to its credit is the Noun. Name anything or anyone; it will fall under this massive department.  What works on behalf of a noun is the Department of Pronoun. Thus, it often replaces a noun with its limitation. It is just around a century in number. So, it is easy to master all of them by taking into account how each of them works and functions. At times, it is a compulsion  to use a pronoun. Can you ignore the import of I or we? No, not all!


To add value to any Department of Noun or criticize it in any manner or fashion, the next department that comes into play is the Ministry of Adjective used attributively or predicatively. What if the third department does not come into use for the first one or the second one, life would be insipid, dull, bland, colourless, unexciting or wishy-washy. Hence words like ’good’ or’ bad’ must be used to lift our mood or be a critic of something or someone around. It has its cultural value.


The king is the Verb which is the next department that performs any action or shows the status. Noticeably, Present, Past or Future, all depends on this department. Let’s value it utmost. An auxiliary brings about a radical change in the meaning of the performance of any verb.  But these auxiliaries add up to 12 only. They are ‘ be’ ‘do’, ‘have’, ‘can/ could’, ‘may/ might’, ‘shall/ should’, ‘will/ would’, ‘must’, ‘dare’, ‘need’, ‘used to’ and ‘ought to’.


However, no less is the role of the next Department that is the Adverb that modifies not only the department of the Verb but also Adjective or its own department in another form. At times without considering the department of Adverb, the action becomes meaningless. For example, 'a teacher teaches something’ sounds to be incomplete unless a word like well or intelligently is used at its end.


The piece is more than halfway through the linguistic discussion and governing system of the English language, covering the five departments so far. As a relationship manager, what comes into the picture is the Department of Preposition that shows a relation or position between two or more nouns and pronouns? This piece is for you. This department, too, like that of Pronoun is limited in number. Hence, mastery of around 150 prepositions is child’s play.    


Then there comes the Department of Conjunction to coordinate, subordinate, correlate with or join other departments together. The acronym ‘FANBOYS’ is famous for its role as seven Coordinating Conjunctions- for, and, nor, but, or, yet & so. They connect or join anything or everything.


The last department that often comes first in usage is the Department of Interjection that expresses a strong feeling such as shock, pain or pleasure when it comes to expressing oneself as something either good or bad. The small department with a few centuries of utterances has always a sign of exclamation at its end! Wow! The tone matters a lot! I hope the message is through.

 ----The Author Dr Birbal Jha heading British Lingua, an institute of Communication Skills