U.G.C. N.E.T /JRF Management

U.G.C   Conducts N.E.T(National Eligibility Test)twice in a year.NET exam is a eligibility test for  ASSISTANT PROFESSOR and Junior Research Fellowship. The National Educational Testing Bureau of University Grants Commission (UGC) conducts National Eligibility Test (NET) to determine eligibility for lectureship and for award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) for Indian nationals in order to ensure minimum standards for the entrants in the teaching profession and research.

How to apply
Age:- no limit for maximum age for net exams
  28 years maximum for JRF
Educational Qualification:-
Post Graduation Degree or Management (including Business Administration . Mgt./Marketing/ Marketing Mgt./Industrial Relations and Personnel Mgt./ Personnel Mgt./Financial Mgt./Co-operative Management) with minimum 55% marks.
For Apply online:-go through main website www.ugc.ac.in
Fee:- -600/- for General
                                                300/ for O.B.C
                                    150/- for SC/ST/PwD

PAPER I:-General paper (for all)-50 questions all are compulsory.
PAPER II:-Management -50 Questions all are compulsory.
PAPERIII:-Management-75 Questions all are compulsory.

Syllabus for paper I(common paper for all subject)
·        Teaching Aptitude
·        Research Aptitude
·        Communication
·        English/Hindi Comprehension
·        Reasoning(including mathematical)
·        Reasoning(Logical)
·        Data Interpretation
·        Information and Communication Technology
·        People and Enviornment
·        Higher Studies
Syllabus for paper II and III
UGC NET Management Paper II & Paper III ( A ) [ Core Group ] 
Unit – I 
  • Managerial Economics – Demand Analysis
  • Production Function
  • Cost – Output Relations
  • Market Structures
  • Pricing Theories
  • Advertising
  • Macro – Economics
  • National Income Concepts
  • Infrastructure – Management and Policy
  • Business Environment
  • Capital Budgeting
Unit – II
  • The concept and significance of organisational behaviour – Skills and Roles in an organisation – Classical, Neo – Classical and Modern Theories of Organisational Structure – Organisational Design – Understanding and Managing individual behaviour personality – Perception – Values – Attitudes – Learning – Motivation.
  • Understanding and Managing Group Behaviour, Processes – Inter – personal and group dynamics – Communication – Leadership – Managing change – Managing conflicts.
  • Organisational Development.
Unit – III
  • Concepts and perspectives in HRM; HRM in changing environment.
  • Human Resource Planning – Objectives, Process and Techniques.
  • Job analysis – Job Description.
  • Selecting Human Resources.
  • Induction, Training and Development.
  • Exit policy and Implications.
  • Performance Appraisal and Evaluation.
  • Potential Assessment.
  • Job Evaluation.
  • Wage Determination.
  • Industrial Relations and Trade Unions.
  • Dispute Resolution and Grievance Management.
  • Labour Welfare and Social Security Measures.
Unit – IV
  • Financial Management – Nature and Scope.
  • Valuation Concepts and Valuation of Securities.
  • Capital Budgeting Decisions – Risk Analysis.
  • Capital Structure and Cost of Capital.
  • Dividend Policy – Determinants.
  • Long – Term and Short – Term Financing Instruments.
  • Mergers and Acquisitions.
Unit – V
  • Marketing Environment and Environment Scanning; Marketing Information Systems and Marketing Research; Understanding Consumer and Industrial Markets; Demand Measurement and Forecasting; Market Segmentation – Targeting and Positioning; Product Decisions, Product mix, Product Life Cycle; New Product Development; Branding and Packaging; Pricing Methods and Strategies.
  • Promotion Decisions – Promotion mix; Advertising; Personal Selling; Channel Management; Vertical Marketing Systems; Evaluation and Control of Marketing Effort; Marketing of Services; Customer Relation Management;
  • Uses of Internet as a Marketing Medium – Other related issues like branding, market development, Advertising and retailing on the net.
  • New issues in Marketing.
Unit – VI
  • Role and Scope of Production Management; Facility Location; Layout Planning and Analysis; Production Planning and Control – Production Process Analysis; Demand Forecasting for Operations; Determinants of Product mix; Production Scheduling; Work measurement; Time and Motion Study; Statistical Quality Control.
  • Role and Scope of Operations Research; Linear Programming; Sensitivity Analysis; Duality; Transportation Model; Inventory Control; Queueing Theory; Decision Theory; Markov Analysis; PERT / CPM.
Unit – VII
  • Probability Theory; Probability distributions – Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential; Correlation and Regression analysis; Sampling theory; Sampling distributions; Tests of Hypothesis; Large and small samples; t z, F, Chi – square tests.
  • Use of Computers in Managerial applications; Technology issues and Data processing in organizations; Information systems; MIS and Decision making; System analysis and design; Trends in Information Technology; Internet and Internet – based applications.
Unit – VIII
  • Concept of Corporate Strategy; Components of Strategy Formulation; Ansoffs Growth Vector; BCG Model; Porter’s Generic Strategies; Competitor Analysis; Strategic Dimensions and Group Mapping; Industry Analysis; Strategies in Industry Evolution, Fragmentation, Maturity, and decline.
  • Competitive strategy and Corporate Strategy; Transnationalization of World Economy; Managing Cultural Diversity; Global Entry Strategies; Globalisation of Financial System and Services; Managing International Business; Competitive Advantage of Nations; RTP and WTO.
Unit – IX
  • Concepts – Types, Characteristics; Motivation; Competencies and its development; Innovation and Entrepreneurship; Small business – Concepts Government policy for promotion of small and tiny enterprises; Process of Business Opportunity Identification;
  • Detailed business plan preparation; Managing small enterprises; Planning for growth; Sickness in Small Enterprises; Rehabilitation of Sick Enterprises; Intrapreneurship (Organisational Entrepreneurship).
Unit – X
  • Ethics and Management System; Ethical issues and Analysis in Management; Value based organisations; Personal framework for ethical choices;
  • Ethical pressure on individual in organisations; Gender issues; Ecological consciousness; Environmental ethics; Social responsibilities of business; Corporate governance and ethics.
UGC NET Management Paper III ( B )
[ Elective / Optional ]
Elective – I
  • Human Resource Management ( HRM ) – Significance; Objectives; Functions; A diagnostic model; External and Internal environment;
  • Forces and Influences; Organizing HRM function.
  • Recruitment and Selection – Sources of recruits; Recruiting methods; Selection procedure; Selection tests; Placement and Follow-up.
  • Performance Appraisal System – Importance and Objectives; Techniques of appraisal system; New trends in appraisal system.
  • Development of Personnel – Objectives; Determining Needs; Methods of Training & Development programs; Evaluation.
  • Career Planning and Development – Concept of career; Career planning and development methods.
  • Compensation and Benefits – Job evaluation techniques; Wage and salary administration; Fringe Benefits; Human resource records and audit.
  • Employee Discipline – importance; causes and forms; Disciplinary action; Domestic enquiry.
  • Grievance Management – Importance; Process and Practices; Employee Welfare and Social Security Measures.
  • Industrial Relations – Importance; Industrial conflicts; Causes; Dispute settlement machinery.
  • Trade Unions – Importance of Unionism; Union leadership; National Trade Union Movement.
  • Collective Bargaining – Concept; Process; Pre-requisites; New trends in collective bargaining.
  • Industrial Democracy and Employee Participation – Need for industrial democracy; Pre – requisites for industrial democracy; Employee Participation – Objectives; Forms of Employee Participation.
  • Future of Human Resource Management.
Elective – II
  • Marketing – Concept; Nature and Scope; Marketing myopia; Marketing mix; Different environments and their influences on marketing; Understanding the customer and competition.
  • Role and Relevance of Segmentation and Positioning; Static and Dynamic understanding of BCG Matrix and Product Life Cycle; Brands – Meaning and Role; Brand building strategies; Share increasing strategies.
  • Pricing objectives; Pricing concepts; Pricing methods.
  • Product – Basic and Augmented stages in New Product Developments
  • Test Marketing Concepts.
  • Promotion mix – Role and Relevance of advertising Sales promotion – media planning and management.
  • Advertising – Planning, execution and evaluation.
  • Different tools used in sales promotion and their specific advantages and limitations.
  • Public Relations – Concept and Relevance.
  • Distribution channel hierarchy; Role of each member in the channel; Analysis of business potential and evaluation of performance of the channel members.
  • Wholesaling and Retailing – Different types and the strengths of each one; Emerging issues in different kinds of retailing in India.
  • Marketing Research – Sources of Information; Data Collection; Basic Tools used in Data Analysis; Structuring a Research Report.
  • Marketing to Organisations – Segmentation Models; Buyer behaviour models; Organisational, buying process.
  • Consumer Behaviour theories and models and their specific relevance to marketing managers.
  • Sales Function – Role of technology in automation of sales function Customer relationship management including the concept of ‘Relationship Marketing’.
  • Use of internet as a medium of marketing; Managerial issues in reaching consumers / organisation through internet.
  • Structuring and managing marketing organisations.
  • Export Marketing – Indian and global context.

Elective – III
  • Nature and Scope of Financial Management.
  • Valuation Concepts – Risk and Return; Valuation of Securities; Pricing Theories – Capital asset pricing model and Arbitrage pricing theory – Understanding financial statements and analysis thereof.
  • Capital budgeting decisions; Risk analysis in capital budgeting and Long – Term sources of finance.
  • Capital Structure – Theories and Factors; Cost of capital.
  • Dividend Policies – Theories and Determinants.
  • Working Capital Management – Determinants and Financing; Cash management; Inventory management; Receivables management.
  • Elements of Derivatives.
  • Corporate risk management.
  • Mergers and Acquitions.
  • International Financial Management.
Elective – IV
  • India’s Foreign Trade and Policy; Export promotion policies; Trade agreements with other countries; Policy and performance of Export zones and Export – oriented units; Export incentives.
  • International marketing logistics; International logistical structures; Export Documentation framework; Organization of shipping services; Chartering practices; Marine cargo insurance.
  • International financial environment; Foreign exchange markets; Deterrnination of exchange rates; Exchange risk measurement; International investment; International capital markets; International Credit Rating Agencies and Implications of their ratings.
  • WTO and Multilateral trade agreements pertaining to trade in goods; trade in services and TRIPS; Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs); International Trade Blocks – NAFTA, ASEAN, SAARC, EU, WTO and Dispute Settlement Mechanism.
  • Technology monitoring; Emerging Opportunities for Global Business.
                                                                     ---Sushmita JhaSusht

How to Crack S.S.C C.H.S.L.?

S.S.C (Staff Selection commission) announces   C.H.S.L.(Combined Higher Secondary Level)recruitment Test Notification 2018. C.H.S.L conducts various posts combined exam lower divisional clerk/upper divisional clerk/postal recruitment/Data entry operator.

Age:-minimum 18 maximum 27.
Educational Qualifications:- (As on 01.08.2018)
i.                    Must have passed 12th Standard or equivalent examination from a recognized Board or University.
ii.       For Data Entry Operator in the Office of Comptroller and Auditor General of India (C&AG): 12th Standard pass in Science stream with Mathematics as a subject from a recognized Board or equivalent.
ii.                  Important Dates:-
Opening Date:-18-11-2017
Closing Date: 18.12.2017
Date of Computer Based Examination (Tier-I): 04.03.2018 to 26.03.2018 Date of Tier-II Examination (Descriptive Paper): 08.07.2018.
For applying online:-go through main website www.ssc.nic.in

Examination Fees:-
Fee payable: Rs. 100/-(Rupees One Hundred only).
 Women candidates of all categories and candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, Persons with Disability (PWD) and Ex-servicemen (ExS) eligible for reservation are exempted from payment of fee.
Examination pattern:-
The examination will consist of a Computer Based Examination (Tier-I), Descriptive Paper (Tier-II) and Typing test/ Skill Test (Tier-III).
 Computer Based Examination: Tier- I (Objective Type):

Date of exam         subject                      no of questions                  maximum marks                Time duration
4/3/2018     English                                   25                               50                   60 minutes.
To26/3/2018        Quantitive Aptitude            25                               50
                        General awareness            25                               50
                        General intelligence           25                               50

*There will be negative 0.5 mark for each wrong answer.

Examination syllabus:-
General Intelligence:
 It would include questions of both verbal and non-verbal types.
 1) Semantic Analogy,
2) Symbolic operations,
3) Symbolic/ Number Analogy,
4) Figural Analogy,
5) Semantic Classification,
6) Venn Diagrams,
7) Symbolic/ Number Classification,
8) Drawing inferences,
9) Figural Classification,
10) Punched hole/ pattern-folding & unfolding ,
 11) Number Series
12) Embedded figures, Figural Series, Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, Emotional Intelligence,
13) Word Building, Social Intelligence, Coding and de-coding, 
14) Numerical operations.
English Language:
Spot the Error,
Fill in the Blanks,
 Synonyms/ Homonyms,
Spellings/ Detecting mis-spelt words,
Idioms & Phrases,
 One word substitution,
Improvement of Sentences,
 Active/ Passive Voice of Verbs,
 Conversion into Direct/ Indirect narration,
Shuffling of Sentence parts,
Shuffling of Sentences in a passage,
 Cloze Passage,
 Comprehension Passage
Quantitative Aptitude:
 Number Systems:
Computation of Whole Number,
Decimal and Fractions,
Relationship between numbers Fundamental arithmetical operations:
 Ratio and Proportion,
 Square roots,
 Interest (Simple and Compound),
 Profit and Loss,
 Partnership Business,
 Mixture and Allegation
 Time and distance,
 Time and work
 Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra and Elementary surds (simple problems) and Graphs of Linear Equations.
 Familiarity with elementary geometric figures and facts:
 Triangle and its various kinds of centres,
 Congruence and similarity of triangles,
 Circle and its chords,
angles subtended by chords of a circle,
 common tangents to two or more circles.
 Regular Polygons,
 Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square Base
 Trigonometry: Trigonometry, Trigonometric ratios, Complementary angles, Height and distances (simple problems )

Tier-II (Descriptive Paper)
Tier-II Paper will be a descriptive Paper of 100 Marks in ‘Pen and Paper Mode. The duration of the paper would be of one hour. This paper has been introduced to assess the writing skill of the candidates which is necessary in Government jobs. The Paper would comprise writing of an Essay of 200-250 words and Letter/ Application of approximately 150-200 words. The minimum qualifying marks in Tier-II would be 33 per cent.
 Tier-III Examination Tier-III of the Examination would be the Skill Test/ Typing Test which would be of qualifying nature. The final merit of the successful candidates would be determined on the basis of total score obtained by them in Tier-I and Tier-II.
Important points:-

There will be 50% negative marks, so be very careful to attempt the examination paper.

There is no section cut off so you have to attempt maximum questions in that section which is your strong part.

For Descriptive paper just read editorial section of newspaper daily.

You also have to prepare some topics just like, pollution, merits and demerits of mobile phone, Global Warming, Terrorist Attack, Letter to your brother about preparation of examination, letter to your ward commissioner about bad condition of street lights, letter to your principal about college ragging system.

For General Awareness, you have to read daily newspaper or tune to news channels, read monthly magazine like Pratiyogita Darpan, etc.

You have to do daily one set practice and also analyze the paper and evaluate your marks day-to-day.

BEST OF LUCK for your upcoming examination.
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                                                                            ---Sushmita Jha