Jadhav case: India Seeks copy of charge sheet from Pak

India has asked for a certified copy of the charge sheet and death sentence filed against her citizen Kulbhushan Jadhav and asked to grant diplomatic access to Jadhav. In Islamabad, Indian High Commissioner Gautam Bambawale met Pakistani Foreign Secretary Tahmina Jangja in the context of Jadhav's case. A military court in Pakistan has sentenced Jadhav to death for alleged espionage.

Bambawale said that he had asked the charge sheet and Kulbhushan Jadhav to give a certified copy of the sentence of the death sentence heard. He said that he refused our request for diplomatic access 13 times (in the past year). I again requested the Foreign Secretary to grant diplomatic access to Jadhav so that we can appeal.

Sources in New Delhi said that apart from diplomatic access, India will also look into legal measures under the legal system of Pakistan, including the appeal filed by Jadhav's family against the military court's decision. Senior military officials of Pakistan decided to not compromise on the case of death sentence sentenced to Jadhav.

This decision was taken in the meeting of the core commanders today under the chairmanship of Army Chief General Kamar Bajwa. Field General Court Marshal sentenced Jadhav to death for spying and involvement in subversive activities, and General Bajwa confirmed the sentence.
Pakistan claims that its security forces had arrested Jadhav from Balochistan province on March 3 last year, which is reportedly from Iran's border. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj has warned that execution of Jadhav will bring serious consequences on bilateral relations.

India is trying to get Jadhav justice: M.J. Akbar

Minister of State for External Affairs MJ Akbar said that India is trying to get Justice in Kulbhushan Jadhav’s case, who has been sentenced by the military court of Pakistan to death. Akbar said that injustice has been done to Jadhav. We are trying to get justice. We are very much interested in his return. Akbar said that the government's stand on this matter has been clarified by Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj and Home Minister Rajnath Singh.

A military court sentenced Jadhav, 46, to death for allegations of espionage and sabotage. Rajnath Singh had said yesterday that India will make every effort to get justice to Jadhav. Foreign Ministry spokesman Gopal Bagale said yesterday that India has no information about the location and status of Kulbhushan. We are making every effort to bring them back but we can not disclose the steps taken in this direction.
                                                                          ----Ashish Jha

NASA claims: Alien Exists in the Universe

American Space Agency NASA has claimed that aliens may exist in the Earth's own universe. NASA claims that there may be life there after the water found on Saturn's sixth largest 'Nonsdale' water and hydrogen chemicals found in it. NASA's Cassini Inspiration has discovered a sea of ​​water on Enceladus.

On examination, it was found that 98 percent of the water was in it. In addition to hydrogen, carbon dioxide and methane, the remaining two percent have been found to contain organic marks that indicate the possibility of life there.

In a statement, Hunter Wet of the Southwest Research Institute of San Antonio, who inspected water found on Ensields, said that here is the source of energy used by micro-organisms. We just did not get the phosphorus and sulfur here too, perhaps because they were in very small quantities. However, the search is still on.

The existence of bacteria is possible
NASA scientists believe that the presence of bacteria on the surface of the sea found on Enceladus is possible. Scientists Linda Spilcker said that we have not found evidence of the existence of organisms here. However almost everything necessary for life is present here. Although he said, the confirmation of chemical energy for life on one moon of Saturn is a big milestone in our quest for another world.

Equal to 15 percent of moon

The size of the anceldus is quite small. It's just as big as only 15 percent of Earth's Moon. Andrew Cotes, professor of physics at the University College London said that in our universe, the planets that are likely to live on Earth outside of Mars are now joined by Enceladus after Mars and Europa.
                                                      ----Ranjana Jha

IIT Engineer Kejriwal knows 10 Ways to Tamper with EVM

Aam Aadmi Party leader and Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal once again voiced the opinion about complaints of tampering with Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs). He said that as an engineer he knows 10 ways to tamper with EVMs.

Kejriwal said in an interview with the news channel NDTV, "I am an IIT-educated engineer and I can tell you 10 ways of tampering EVMs." He said, "The EC did not take any such step, thereby losing trust among the people. The Election Commission has intentionally become Dhritarashtra, that wants to power his son Duryodhana in some way. Why does not these machines know what is wrong in the investigation?
Since the results of the five assembly elections has come out(and that have not augured well for his party), Kejriwal has been accusing EVMs of tampering. Prior to this, he challenged the Election Commission and said that if the Election Commission provides EVMs to him, he would prove that it can be tempered.

In view of the continued release of EVM, the Election Commission has kept an open challenge to hack EVMs. An official of the Election Commission said, "From the first week of May, experts, scientists and technicians can come for a week or 10 days and try to hack the machines. He said that this challenge will be for one week or 10 days and there will be different levels. Election Commission can even challenge the tampering EVMs by opening these machines.
                                                           ---Deepa Bisht

MOAB Attack: 36 ISIS Terrorists Killed in Afghanista, Including one Indian

In the attack of the American MOAB (Mother of All Bombs) bomb in Nangarhar, Afghanistan, there are reports that 36 terrorists getting killed in the attack. These include a terrorist of Indian origin. A family in Kerala has claimed that his son Murshid was killed in this attack.
Hundreds of terrorists were taking training in the ISS hideouts in Nagera, Afghanistan, in which some Indian youths are expected to join.
At the same time, a Kerala minister claimed that 18 Indian youths could be killed in this attack.

A news agency has said that about 21 young people of India were missing, in which one's family members claimed his death.
The news has been followed by intelligence agencies that about 21 youths have been affected by IS and have left the country to join the IS. Apart from the Indian youth, some Bangladeshi and Maldivian youths were taking the training of terror here.
It is estimated that a large number of tanks were killed on Thursday evening by the US-led GBU-43 bomb. Although, there is no any official figure about the killed terrorists yet.

But, American security officials believe that around 700 terrorists were training IS in the bombing where the bomb was dropped. While Afghanistan's intelligence agencies believe that around 1,500 people are involved in fundamentalist activities.
                                                                 ----Ashish Jha

Conflict could Break out any Moment: China

China's Foreign Minister Wang Yi said on Friday that there could be conflict in North Korea any moment. At the same time, he warned about the growing tension with the United States that there is no winner in any war.
This tense statement came after US President Donald Trump's statement in which he had said that North Korea's problem will be tackled. The President gave this statement on speculation that North Korea could prepare for another nuclear or missile test.

Wang said that recently there is America and South Korea on the one hand and the tension has increased between North Korea and the other on both sides and it seems that any moment the battle can start.

During a joint press conference with French Foreign Minister Jean-Marc Arlott, he said that if there is a war, the result will be such that everyone will be harmed and no one can win. Wang said that whatever party incites to fight should understand the historical responsibility and be prepared to pay it.

A White House foreign policy adviser said on Friday that the US is assessing the military options in response to North Korean weapons programs. Wang said that dialogue is the only possible solution.
                                                   ----Ashish Jha

Dictator Kejriwal is Spreading Rumors: Manoj Tiwari

Delhi BJP state president is very confident after winning the by-elections of Rajouri Garden. They are convinced that BJP will now be able to win in the MCD elections too. After winning the assembly by-election, he talked to the correspondent of a news channel. Read what they say.

Manoj Tiwari says that the people of Delhi have shown Kejriwal his place. As Kejriwal behaved with the people of Delhi, he got the answer in the same coin. They say that Kejriwal is with the stone-pelters on our soldiers. He is with those who vehemently and openly say, “India, you will see your pieces”. India will be your pieces, they are with those who say. In such a situation, the public will teach Rahul and Kejriwal a good lesson. The public will not let them go scot free.

Arvind Kejriwal is involved in scams

Manoj says Arvind Kejriwal is involved in ration and tanker scam. Not only has his government is tainted in corruption, but he is also involved in scams. They say that the leaders of his party, who claim to be the cleanest of all, are corrupt, lewd and involved in fake degree.
came to the sincerity of sincerity, became a fake degree, corrupt and lewd. They further say that if people were dissatisfied with the MLA in Rajouri Garden, Kejriwal too had fled from Delhi. He himself went to Punjab to become the chief minister. His MLA also went to become Deputy Chief Minister. They accuse Kejriwal of doing crooked politics. He says that after the elections were over in Punjab, he had no any truck with the Punjabis. They did not have a single tweet on Baisakhi. Manoj Tiwari further says that according to Kejriwal's understanding, the people of Delhi are stupid. But now the people have understood them.

Kejriwal takes arms against poster war

Manoj Tiwari says that Kejriwal has posted posters with photographs of himself Vs Vijender Gupta throughout Delhi. They ask questions whether Kejriwal will become Mayor of Delhi In such a situation, when Vijender Gupta is not the mayor candidate of his party, what is the reason behind his photographing? He calls himself the commander of the party and asked Vijender Gupta to take the picture of the army commander as the party's army.
Referred the Humiliation of Poorvanchal

They say that Manoj Tiwari is respected by BJP and that does not augur well for Kejrival. They believe in suppressing the people from Poorvanchal. They engage them lifting chairs.
They further say that they have Vision for MCD. On getting the MCD fund, Tewari said that he will make changes in the act so that more work is done. They say the cleaning workers are given the name of the cleaning assistant. Paying them salaries on time is at the top of their career.

Kejriwal is a Dictataor

Manoj says that Kejriwal is a dictator. Everything he wants to run according to his own will. He eats a plate of sixteen thousand. He says Kejriwal's tongue is of 56 inches. They use it to spread rumors. In such a situation, when they do not see any fault in me, they start spreading rumours. They say on Kailash Kher's case that Kailash is his good friend and he is calling Kailash for campaigning.
                                                    ----Ashish Jha

India Intensifies Efforts to Save Son of Soil Kulbhushan

The Indian government has hastened efforts to save Kulbhushan Jadhav, who was sentenced to death by a military court on the charge of espionage in Pakistan. In this regard, Indian High Commissioner Gautam Bambawale in Pakistan has met Pakistani Foreign Secretary Tahmina Jangua and the High Commission officials have asked for permission once again to meet Kulbhushan Jadhav.

During this time, Bambalese has sought a copy of the chargesheet filed against Kulbhushan and the Pakistani military court's judgment from Janjua. The Indian government is preparing to appeal against Jadhav's death sentence and for this, he is also studying the laws of Pakistan Army.

On the demand of Indian High Commission officials to meet Jadhav, the Pakistani Foreign Secretary said that this is a case of espionage and therefore they cannot be allowed to meet Jadhav. However, the Indian High Commissioner said that as under international laws, he can meet Mr Jadhav.

In this regard, Sarataz Azeez, adviser to the Pakistani Prime Minister of Foreign Affairs, alleged that Jadhav had two passports in the name of one Hindu and one Muslim. He asked that if he is innocent then how can he get two passports ... At the same time, Aziz said that there is a time of 4 months for Jadhav's appeal against the punishment awarded to him.

Rejected requests multiple times
The Indian government has given 14 times the permission for Jadhav since March last year. But Pakistan has rejected this request every time. According to the Vienna Treaty, if a citizen of any country is arrested abroad, then he has the right to meet the officials of his embassy.

Preparation of legal war
In the meantime, the Modi government is also considering legal options to save Kulbhushan Jadhav. Petition for this can be filed in the Military Tribunal. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj has said that the government will go to any extent to save Jadhav.

Where is Jadhav?

The Indian Foreign Ministry says that they have not been given any information about the location or condition of Kulbhushan Yadav. The information about prosecuting the Army in the Army of Kulbhushan was not given to India. At the same time, the Lahore High Court Bar Association has announced that if any lawyer advocates for Jadhav, action will be taken against him.
                                          ----Rajesh Jha

Modi Launches 'Father of Credit Card'

On Friday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the system of Bhima payment related to the base in Nagpur, being called as the father of credit card and debit card. Through this, any person can transfer money from his account only by placing a thumb. i.e. to become part of Cashless Digital India, now neither the mobile phone nor the internet nor debit and credit card is needed.

The Bhim App launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on December 30 has already become very popular and crores of people are using it. After joining the base-based payment, it is believed that there will be four-fold progress in the day. Now the government is giving cashback and bonuses to download Bhima app and to refer it to others.

Let us tell you about those specialties due to which Bhima is proving to be the father of all e-Wallet, Paytm and Debit credit cards: -

1. BHIM, i.e.,  Bharat Interface For Money, runs the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) of the Government of India. That is, because of the Indian Government's app, you can trust it completely. The biggest feature of Bhima App is its simple Only 2 MB of this app can be downloaded to Android or iPhone within a few seconds. This app is designed in such a way that the first time the person who used it can easily understand it. The only requirement for using Bhima App is that your bank account is connected to your mobile number. At present Bhima App can be linked with only one bank account.

2. In order to activate it for the first time after downloading the Bhima app from Google Play Store, it is important that you have your debit card. After downloading the app, you have to make a password containing 4 digit numbers. After that, some information on the debit card has to be entered. Bhima App can be used in all Indian languages ​​in addition to  Hindi and English. One has to make another password for money transactions. This password should also be of four digits but it must be separated from the password to open the app. That is, Bhima App has two passwords for complete security. The first password to open the Bhima app and another password will to make money transactions. That is, if you add the password created to lock the mobile phone, then there is a three layer protection in the Bhima app.

Father runs grocery store, Millionaires made by Modi's plan

3. To transact Bhima App, you do not have to tell anyone your name, your bank, and even your bank account number. Money transactions can be done in 24 hours and on holidays anytime. Money transactions are absolutely free through Bhima App.

4. After activating Bhima App, your email address becomes like an email. Generally this phone number is @Upi like 9839098390 @ upi. If you want, you can change it and create your own UPI address. To transact through any Bhima App, it is necessary to tell only this address that is linked to your bank account. If you want to send money through Bhima App and the other person has also activated the Bhima app, you can verify only after entering his phone number. When the person's name comes in the phone number within the Bhima app, it means that he has activated the Bhima app.

5. Now the government has added the base with Bhima. That is, if a person has not started his Bhima app but his Aadhaar card is associated with his bank account, then you can add a base number and send money to him. Due to the subsidy of gas linked to the bank account, most people have now got their base linked to the bank.

6. The second e-wallet also differs from the fact that you do not need to put money in a paycheck beforehand to spend it here. Whenever you spend money, it comes out directly from your bank account and goes to another person's bank account. You do not get any interest on the money you put in e-valet like paytm. But because money from Bhima goes directly to your bank account, hence you get interest on whatever money comes in your bank account.

7. You can also create QR codes through Bhim App. The shopkeeper can stick to his shop by removing the print out. The person who is required to pay can scan this QR code directly and make payment immediately.

8. Apart from sending money to anyone through Bhima App, you can also ask for money from anyone. The request for money asked goes to the Bhima app of that person and if the person enters his password and he okay, then the money can come to your account immediately. Like many friends, if there is a party together, then one person can make a payment there and demand the payment of his own share from the others through Bhima Bhima.

9. Once someone is registered in Bhim, then payment can be done without internet. Even the smartphone is not needed. By dialing * 99 # for this, all the options will come automatically.

10. Following the inauguration of the payment system, Modi has not given the money to the shopkeeper, it is not necessary for the customer to have a Bhima app. If his Aadhaar number is connected to his bank account, then the customer can make payment to the shopkeeper by placing his thumb. For whom the shopkeeper will keep a biometric machine from him, in which thumb impression.
                                             ---Ashish Jha

Zika Virus

Contrary to the popular belief, Zika virus is not new. In the year 1947 it was discovered in the rhesus monkeys in the African country of Uganda. The virus got its name Zika after the forest of that country. After some years(1952), it was found in humans. But, after that it remained silent, by and large. The first instance of this outbreak was in the year 2007. However, the first evidence of viral transmission from mother to fetus came out in the year 2014. But, the significance of this disease was not well taken care of at that time.

The Zika virus causes troubled viral infection. This virus gets transmitted through the bite from tropical mosquito that belongs to the genusAedes. Though the symptoms of this disease are usually mild, but they are very unpleasant. It is important here to know that it is not the same Aedes that causes malaria.It is the genus that is responsible for yellow fever, dengue, chikungunya and Zika virus disease. If the findings of the research conducted recently are to be believed, this virus will reach US and get transmitted by bites from the local mosquitoes. The virus is linked to even more devastating disorders, like microcephaly(abnormally small brain and head size of the babies born) and Guillain-Barre’ syndrome.

The symptoms of this disease include red and inflammed eyes(conjunctivitis), muscle and joint pain, fever, rash and headache, fatigue, etc. These symptoms may last for 2-3 days to about a week. But, symptoms are not common to all persons affected with this disease.Only 20% affected persons show the signs of symptoms. Though generally people recover from the infection without help, but it may make the life of an affected person miserable and interfere with his or her life without help.
Though the researches are in the full swing to create a vaccine for the Zika virus, but as of now there is no any vaccine available. The best remedy available against this virus today is to avoid mosquito bites and maintain goodhealth care. The health authorities in Canada and United States are currently suggesting the pregnant women not to travel to the countries where the Zika virus is spread. The countries where mosquitoes carry the Zika virus recommend their women not to get pregnant till 2018. Some recommended precautions to prevent mosquito bites are listed below:
Wear insect repellent, especially during the day and early evening
Cover the body as much as possible. In order to avoid overheating, wear the light-coloured clothing
Treat clothing with insecticide
Use air conditioner and keep your windows closed
Sleep in a mosquito net

America’s Initiative to Combat the Virus
On 9th of February, 2016, President Obama asked Congress for $1.8 billion contingency fund to contain this virus. The amount will be spent on various mosquito control programs, improvement of health for the low-income pregnant women, vaccine research and awareness for this disease. The spending proposal of Obama does include $355 million as foreign aid to South America, the Caribbean and Central America where this virus is spreading exponentially.
                                                                      ----Ashish Jha

Blood Pressure Causes and Treatment

Summary: Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries. Poor handling of high blood pressure gives rise to serious health complications, such as stroke and heart attack. The present blog talks about high blood pressure, its symptoms, complications, the risk factors and the tips to prevent it.     

Before knowing about high blood pressure, it is essential to know about blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries. High blood pressure occurs when this force becomes too high. High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower are your arteries, higher becomes your blood pressure. Process of checking of blood pressure is the same in the persons of every age group—be it child, teen, adult or aged.
Some people may show symptoms of high blood pressure, while some may not show any symptoms. But, even without any symptoms, blood vessels and heart keep on getting damaged. Poor handling of high blood pressure over years gives rise to serious health complications, such as stroke and heart attack.

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure:
  • Severe headaches
  • Severe anxiety
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nosebleeds
  • Blurred vision
  • Swollen Abdomen
  • Fatigue
  • Oedema
  • Chest Pain and Angina
  • Dizziness, fainting and headaches
High blood pressure exerts excessive pressure on the walls of artery. This pressure damages the blood vessels. If the situation is not controlled even at this level, organs also start getting damaged. In fact, higher is the blood pressure and longer it remains ignored, greater damage it does.
Health Complications Arising out of High Blood Pressure
·         Heart Attack or Stroke: High blood pressure makes arteries hard and thick. This is a condition known as atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis may lead to serious health complications, such as stroke, heart attack, etc.

·         Heart Failure: It becomes difficult for heart muscles to pump blood against the higher pressure in blood vessels. Resultantly, heart muscles become thick. The thickened heart muscles fail to pump enough blood to cater to body’s needs and requirements. Eventually it leads to heart failure.

·         Aneurysm: High blood pressure make blood vessels weak. It causes bulge in the blood vessels forming an aneurysm. If any rupture occurs in aneurysm, it becomes life-threatening.

·         Trouble with Memory or Understanding: Poor control of high blood pressure negatively affects the body’s ability to think, learn and remember.

·         Metabolic Syndrome: This syndrome is not about a single disorder. Rather, it is a cluster of syndrome that includes increased waist circumference, high triglycerides, reduction in good cholesterols (High Density Lipoprotein) and high insulin level. These conditions may give rise to diabetes, heart disease and stroke.

The Risk Factors

·         Family History: If one person in a family is diagnosed with high blood pressure, other members also become susceptible to it.

·         Heavy Drinking: Drinking too much alcohol negatively affect blood pressure and damages heart. A woman should not take more than one drink in a day. In case of man, more than twice drinks a day is not moderate.

·         Age: Risk of high blood pressure becomes more with age. Men are at more risk than women. While women develop high blood pressure after 65 years of age, men can develop it in early middle age, or till the time they reach the age of 45.

·         Sedentary Lifestyle: People who lead a sedentary lifestyle, are more likely to develop high blood pressure than the people who lead active lifestyle. Very less or no physical activity also increases the risk of becoming overweight.

·         Tobacco Consumption: Apart from raising blood pressure temporarily, the chemicals in tobacco damage the lining of the artery walls. Resultantly, artery becomes narrow.

·         Obesity: The more you put weight, the more blood you require to supply oxygen and nutrients to the tissues. Since volume of blood circulated through the blood vessels increases, pressure on artery walls increases.

Tips to prevent High Blood Pressure: Lifestyle changes can help prevent high blood pressure. Some of these changes are given below:
Ø Take Healthy Foods: Take vegetables, fruits, whole grains, fish, poultry and low-fat dairy foods. Stay away from saturated fat.

Ø Decrease Salt Intake: 1500 milligrams a day is sufficient for the people of 50 years or older and the individuals who have hypertension, diabetes or CKD (Chronic Kidney Disease). Otherwise healthy people can take 2300 mg per day or less. You should avoid restaurant foods to minimize the intake of salt.
Ø Maintain a Healthy Weight: If you are obese, cut your calories’ intake and maintain a healthy weight. It will lower your health complications by controlling your high blood pressure. Losing even 2-3 kilograms will lower the risk of blood pressure.
Ø Keep Active Lifestyle: Active lifestyle will help you lower your blood pressure, keep your weight under control, lower your stress and minimize your risk of several health complications.
Ø Limit Alcohol: If you are not disciplined, when it comes to taking alcohol, it is time to introspect. Take alcohol in moderation. Even if you are otherwise healthy, consumption of alcohol in excess will raise your blood pressure.

Ø Quit Smoking: Consumption of tobacco damages blood vessel walls and contribute to the hardening of the arteries. In order to ward off these complications, quit smoking.

Ø Control Blood Pressure During Pregnancy: If you are a pregnant woman with high blood pressure, discuss with your doctors the measures to control it.   
                                                                             Ashish Jha

cardiomyopathy Symptoms and Treatment

Summary: Cardiomyopathy is a medical term that is characterized by damage to the heart muscles. Weak heart muscles make heart weak and cause heart failure. The present blog talks about its symptoms, causes, types, treatment and prevention.
The medical term cardiomyopathy is made up of three words, namely cardio, myo and pathy. The word cardio means “the heart”, myo means “related to muscles” and pathy means “disorder”. The term cardiomyopathy is used in order to describe a range of diseases of the heart muscles. Damage to the heart muscles results into weakening of the heart that eventually cause heart failure.

Symptoms of Cardiomyopathy:

Ø Fatigue
Ø Shortness of Breath
Ø Lethargy
Ø Chest Pain
Ø Feeling Lightheaded or Fainting
Ø Swelling due to fluid deposition in the legs and abdomen
Ø Increased Palpitations
Ø Sudden Death

Some patients even do not show any symptoms.

Causes of Cardiomyopathy

Alcohol Consumption:  If alcohol consumption goes beyond moderate dose, it causes cardiomyopathy over a period of time.
Diabetes: Some chronic health conditions, such as diabetes and thyroid disease give rise to cardiomyopathy.
Connective Tissues Disorders: Sometimes, the connective tissues disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis also trigger the disease.
Viral Infections: Though not all viral infections cause cardiomyopathy, but some viral infections do affect heart, causing cardiomyopathy.
Hereditary Factors: If anyone in the family has cardiomyopathy, others become susceptible to this disease.
Pregnancy: Pregnancy is also one of the precursors of the disease. It gets developed during pregnancy.
Drug Use: The use of cocaine, anabolic steroids and amphetamines may increase the susceptibility of the disease.
Side Effects of Cancer Treatment: Side effects of cancer treatment, such as Chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy may increase the possibility of some types of cardiomyopathy.
Nutritional Deficiencies: Inadequate intake of essential nutrients may give rise to cardiomyopathy.
Types of Cardiomyopathy
Ø Dilated Cardiomyopathy: It is a case of enlarged heart. This is the most common form of cardiomyopathy. In dilated cardiomyopathy, the chambers of the heart become bigger in size and the heart muscles stretch. The enlarged heart becomes unable to contract and pump adequate blood as per the needs and requirements of the body parts. That results into irregular rhythms and disturbances of the electrical activity of the heart. More than 30 per cent of the people with dilated cardiomyopathy inherit it.

Ø Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: In Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, the heart muscles become thick, making difficult for the heart to fill with blood. If the condition is not treated on time, it results into further thickening of the ventricles and gives rise to the obstruction of the blood flow from the heart, disrupting the ability of the heart to pump properly. More than 50 per cent of all its cases are hereditary. This form of cardiomyopathy causes cardiac arrest in teenagers and young adults.

Ø Restrictive Cardiomyopathy: It is a case of stiff heart. This form of condition is least common and most of the times its causes are unknown. In this condition, the muscles of the lower chambers of the heart, i.e. ventricles become stiff, making it tough for them to fill with blood between heartbeats.

Ø Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy: This condition is rare. It affects the people in the age group of 20 to 40 years. This is the condition that is characterised by development of scar tissues in the heart muscles, causing irregular heartbeat. It is a medical condition known as arrhythmias. It is often inherited.

Treatment of Cardiomyopathy
Type of cardiomyopathy, individual symptoms and degree (severe or mild) of complications decide the medicines used to treat cardiomyopathy. The medicines may include the following:
Ø Anti-arrhythmic to regulate heart rhythm
Ø Anti-hypertensive medicines to control blood pressure
Ø Diuretics to prevent the reduction of fluid deposition in heart failure
Ø Anticoagulants to help reduce risk of blood clots

Surgery and Implant
Pacemaker: A pacemaker is a small device. It is placed in the chest or abdomen to help control abnormal heart rhythms. Pacemaker uses electrical pulses to direct the heart to beat at a normal rate.
Implantable defibrillators: Those who are at risk of dangerous arrhythmia, get treated with implantable defibrillators. Arrhythmia is a heart-rhythm problem. It occurs when the electrical impulses to the heart that coordinate heartbeat, does not work properly.
Heart Transplant: If cardiomyopathy is left untreated, it reaches at an advance stage and severe heart failure occurs. To treat this condition, doctors may consider a heart transplant.
Tips to Prevent Cardiomyopathy
Ø Quit Smoking: If you are addicted to smoking, stop it at the earliest possible time.
Ø Avoid Alcohol: Though moderate dose of alcohol will not put you in danger, but if your alcohol intake is more than it should be, be mindful of its dose.
Ø Exercise: It will be wrong to say that exercise is not good in cardiomyopathy. However, you should talk to your doctor and decide your exercise accordingly.
Ø Maintain Active Lifestyle: Sedentary lifestyle gives rise to heart diseases. Therefore, maintain active lifestyle by doing most of your office and home-bound work on your own.
Ø Take Healthy Food: Stick to fresh, seasonal foods and avoid salty, fatty and highly processed foods.