Samsung Galaxy 'M' series may be launched in India next week

  Samsung Galaxy M12 smartphone can get a battery of 7,000 mAh. Apart from this, a 6.7-inch display can be given in it. Samsung Galaxy '...

Sunday, March 26, 2017

Diabetic Neuropathy Natural Treatment

Diabetic Neuropathies: Causes, Types, Symptoms and Treatment

Years of poorly controlled diabetes can lead to nerve damage. The medical term for this damage is Diabetic Neuropathy. This nerve damaging disorder can affect all organs and systems, as all body parts have nerves. The present blog talks about diabetic neuropathies, their causes, types, symptoms and treatment.

The term diabetic neuropathies refer to the string of nerve disorders that are predominantly caused by diabetes. Years of poorly controlled diabetes can lead to nerve damage throughout the body. Some people with nerve damage show symptoms, while some do not show any symptom. Nerve damage can occur in any organ including extremities (heads and legs), digestive tract, heart and sex organs.

The severity of neuropathy can be very well understood from the fact that two-third of diabetics develop the complications of neuropathy in their lifetime. Though the highest rates of neuropathy are in the people diagnosed with diabetes for at least 25 years, but it may develop early. Obese people also tend to develop neuropathy.

What Causes Diabetic Neuropathies?
There is combination of factors that cause diabetic neuropathies. Some of these factors are given below:
Ø Autoimmune factors
Ø Mechanical injury to nerves
Ø Inherited Traits (Disease in family)
Ø Lifestyle Factors (smoking, alcohol)
Ø Metabolic Factors (high blood glucose, low insulin, poor handling of diabetes for long time, abnormal blood fat levels)
Ø Long exposure to high blood glucose
Ø Neurovascular Factors (damage to the blood vessels that transport oxygen and nutrients to nerves)

What are the Types of Diabetic Neuropathy?

Ø Peripheral neuropathy: It is the most common type of diabetic neuropathy. It is characterized by pain or numbness in the feet, legs, toes, hands and arms.

Ø Autonomic neuropathy: It causes change in perspiration, digestion, bowel and bladder function and sexual response. It does also affect the nerves that keeps heart in good condition and controls blood pressure.

Ø Proximal neuropathy: It is characterized by weakness in the kegs. It causes pain in the thighs, hips, buttocks, etc.

Ø Focal neuropathy: It is characterized by sudden weakness of one nerve or group of nerves causing muscle pain or weakness.

What are the symptoms of Diabetic Neuropathies?

Though symptoms depend largely on the type of neuropathy and the nerves of the organ that get affected, there are some symptoms that are generally seen in the people affected with diabetic neuropathies. These symptoms are given below:
Ø Numbness, pain or tingling or loss of feeling in hands, arms, legs, fingers, toes, feet, etc.
Ø Indigestion, nausea, vomiting
Ø Dizziness after standing or sitting up (due to drop in blood pressure)
Ø Problem in urination
Ø Weakness
Ø Erectile dysfunction in men
Ø Vaginal dryness in women
Ø Constipation or diarrhoea
Ø Deterioration of the muscles of hands or feet

Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathies
Ø The first stage of treatment is to bring blood glucose level in the normal range to prevent progression of the disease.
Ø Regular blood glucose monitoring, maintaining active lifestyle, careful meal planning, diabetes medicine, insulin will help bring blood glucose level in safe range.
Ø Once blood glucose level reaches in safe range, it will prevent or delay the occurrence of further problems.
Ø Foot care is also very important part of treatment. People with neuropathy need to monitor their feet daily and treat any injury at the earliest. Untreated injuries may lead to infected foot sores, gangrene.
Ø Depending upon the type of nerve damage, treatment also includes pain relief and other medications as required.
                                                                  ----Ashish Jha

No comments:

Post a Comment