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Saturday, March 25, 2017

Diabetic Kidney Disease

Summary: Kidneys are bean-shaped organs. These are very important organs of the body. The main functions of kidneys include extracting waste from blood, balancing body fluids, forming urine and contributing in other important functions of the body. The onset of diabetes makes the work of kidneys tough and disrupts its normal functioning. Impaired functions of kidneys give rise to kidney diseases. This blog talks about diabetes and kidneys, symptoms of the kidney diseases and the tips to prevent these diseases.

Diabetes and Kidneys: Diabetes increases blood glucose level. The surge in glucose level in blood make the work of kidneys difficult as they have to filter more and more blood. This increased work load starts putting burden on the filters. Slowly and slowly they start becoming leaky and the useful substances, such as protein fail to get filtered. It gets flushed out along with urine. It is a medical condition known as microalbuminuria (having small amount of protein in the urine).
If the condition of microalbuminuria is allowed to worsen, it will result into macroalbuminuria (having large amount of protein in urine). If even in this stage, the kidney complication remains untreated, the kidneys start losing their ability to filter. Resultantly, waste products start getting deposited in the blood. In that stage the filtration work is done through machine(dialysis). When even dialysis does not produce the required result, kidney transplant becomes the only solution.

In essence, better a person keeps diabetes under control, the lower becomes the chance of getting kidney disease.
Symptoms of the Kidney Disease: The problem with kidney diseases is that they do not show symptoms unless the entire function is out of order. It is simply because the kidneys start working hard to compensate for the failing capillaries. However, some symptoms of these diseases (though the symptoms of two individuals are not same) are as follows:
Ø Fluid Build Up
Ø Loss of Sleep
Ø Weakness
Ø Upset Stomach
Ø Poor Appetite
Ø Difficulty in Concentration
Ø Weight Loss
Ø Dry, itchy Skin
Ø Puffiness around the Eyes
Ø Muscle Cramps
Ø Needing to Pass Urine more often than usual

Tips for the Prevention of Kidney Diseases:

Ø Control Diabetes, High Blood Pressure and Heart Diseases: The precursors of kidney diseases are diabetes, high blood pressure and heart diseases. Therefore, controlling sugar levels, blood pressure and cholesterol will help keep heart diseases at distance. Annual health check-up for those who are above 40 years also serve the purpose.

Ø Reduction in Salt Intake: Salt triggers the formation of kidney stones. Apart, it also increases the amount of sodium in diet and blood pressure. Therefore, the intake of salt should not be more than five-six grams (one teaspoon) per day. Apart, avoid restaurant food and stick to home-made food.

Ø Remain Hydrated: Drink adequate amount of water every day to keep yourself well hydrated. It is simply because presence of enough fluid will help kidney flush out sodium, urea and toxins from the body and nullify the possibility of developing kidney diseases. The recommended dose of water for a healthy kidney is 4-6 glasses of water whereas people who have a kidney stone, should take 2 to 3 litre of water everyday to minimize the risk of developing new stones.

Ø Say No to Alcohol and Smoking: Frequent intake of alcohol causes imbalances of the body and hormonal control that disrupts the normal functioning of the kidneys. Though smoking does not have any bearing on the functioning of the kidneys, but it makes them less efficient. Smoking does also affect heart health adversely that trigger kidney problems.

Ø Exercise Daily: Obesity is closely associated with kidney-related problems; in fact, it doubles the chances of developing kidney diseases. Therefore, doing exercise daily proves to be extremely instrumental in keeping kidney diseases at bay, as it controls the portion size. 
                                                                       ----Ashish Jha

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