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Tuesday, March 21, 2017

Cardiovascular Diseases: An Overview

Cardiovascular disease is one of the most severe health complications that arise out of diabetes. The data shows that overall, cardiovascular disease is the top killer of Indians. If the symptoms of these diseases are not taken seriously, these will turn into the life-threatening diseases. The present blog talks about the symptoms, risk factors, prevention and treatment of the cardiovascular diseases.

The word cardiovascular means heart and blood vessels and cardiovascular disease means any damage to the heart and blood vessels. The blood vessels get damaged due to surge in the blood glucose level, smoking, high blood pressure and high amount of cholesterol. The medical term cardiovascular disease comprises heart disease, stroke and the diseases of the heart and circulation.

As surge in the blood glucose level is the predominant cause of cardiovascular diseases, it is important for the people with diabetes to make some lifestyle-related changes, such as quitting sedentary lifestyle, eating healthy diet, losing extra weight and stopping smoking. There are a number of things that cause these diseases, but the individual symptoms may vary from person to person.

Symptoms of the Cardiovascular Diseases
·         Hands and legs becoming cool
·         Less or absent pulses in the hands and legs
·         Swelling in the feet and ankles
·         Pale, clammy appearance
·         Swollen veins in the neck
·         Rapid or shallow breathing
·         Rapid and/or irregular heart rate
·         High or low blood pressure
·         Abnormalities in the retina
·         Extra or abnormal heart sounds
·         Fluid in the lungs
·         Abnormal sounds of arterial blood flow throughout the body

Risk Factors of the Cardio-vascular Diseases
Ø Diabetes
Ø Obesity
Ø High Dietary Salt
Ø Hypertension
Ø Alcohol and Cigarette Consumption
Ø Insufficient physical activities and stress
Ø Having a partner with cancer
Ø Hyperlipidemia or high blood cholesterol
Ø Stress
Ø Air pollution
Ø High blood pressure
Ø Family history of heart disease
Ø High blood cholesterol
Ø Sex: Men are more likely to develop CVD at an earlier age than women.
Tips to Prevent Cardiovascular Diseases
Ø Quit Smoking: If you are addicted to smoke, make a comprehensive strategy to quit it at the earliest. You may talk to your doctor, take counselling, smoking cessation drugs or watch online programs to curb the addiction.
Ø Lead Active Lifestyle: Contrary to the popular belief, exercise is very much essential even for the persons suffering from cardiovascular diseases. You just need to take advise on the type of exercise that will suit to your condition.
Ø Eat Healthy Foods: It is rightly said that food is the best medicine. Take low fat and low sodium diet to reduce your risk factors, such as extra body weight, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, etc.
Ø Take Alcohol in Moderation: You need not say no to alcohol, but you should moderate its consumption. Limit to 2 drinks per day if you are a man and if you are a female, stick to maximum of 1 drink per day.
Ø Maintain a Healthy Weight: If you want to keep your cardiovascular diseases at bay, you need to maintain a healthy weight. If you are overweight, you can talk to your doctor and know about some measures to lose extra weight.

Treatment for Cardiovascular Diseases
Medications: If the lifestyle changes do not bear fruit, doctors prescribe medications to control the cardiovascular diseases. Though the type of medication depends upon the type and nature of the cardiovascular diseases. The early the medications start, less becomes the need of any surgical intervention.
Medical procedures or surgery: If medications also do not provide the required results, doctors recommend medical procedure or even surgery. However, that too depends upon the type and nature of the disease.
                                                                                                                                                                                            --------Ashish Jha

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