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Sunday, February 26, 2017

Hypoglycemia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Summary: Hypoglycemia is a common problem of the diabetics. It is a condition that occurs when blood sugar level drops below 70mg/ dL. The only sure way to establish whether you have hypoglycemia is to check your blood sugar levels. Severe hypoglycemia may cause accidents, injuries, coma and even death. This blog talks about the symptoms, causes, treatment and the ways to prevent hypoglycemia.

Hypoglycemia is a term that refers to low blood sugar or glucose level. It is also referred to as insulin shock or insulin reaction. The condition occurs when the brain and body of an individual become unable to get adequate amount of sugar. Blood sugar level is considered low when it drops below 70mg/ dL. When an individual with type 2 diabetes is treated with insulin or insulin releasing pills, he or she becomes susceptible with low blood sugar or hypoglycemia. Low blood sugar levels need immediate treatment. As each person reacts to hypoglycemia differently, it is important to understand your own signs and symptoms when your blood glucose level dips.

Symptoms of Hypoglycemia: 
Symptoms of Hypoglycemia: Mostly, people experience symptoms when their blood sugar come to 70 milligrams per deciliter(mg/dl) or less. The early symptoms of hypoglycemia include:
Shaking, sweating, rapid heartbeat
Hunger and nausea
Change in vision
Anger, stubbornness or sadness
Pale skin

If these symptoms are not taken seriously and not treated in time, these may translate into severe symptoms that may include:
Poor Concentration
Inattention and condition of confusion
Behavioural Changes
Poor coordination
Numbness in mouth and tongue
Becoming unconscious for a short time

Causes of Hypoglycemia:
Skipping or delaying meals
Eating a meal that is rich in simple sugar
Missing a snack or a full meal
Eating later than usual
Too little intake of carbohydrate
Drinking too much Alcohol
Hepatitis or kidney disorders
Some medications, like quinine
A tumor that produces excess insulin
Endocrine disorders, like adrenal gland deficiency
Wrong or too high dose of medications that lower the blood sugar, like insulin or insulin releasing pills
Preventing Hypoglycemia: If you are a diabetic, you can prevent the occurrence of hypoglycemia by the following ways:
Taking your meals in the time period of 4 to 5 hours.
Drinking plenty of fluids, preferably plain water
Doing exercise 30 minutes to 1 hour after meals. Check your sugar levels before and after exercise and discuss the readings with your doctor
Checking insulin and dose of diabetes medicine twice before taking it.
Carry an identification bracelet that says you are a diabetic
Testing your blood sugar level as often as directed by your doctor
Eating snacks between meals

Treatment of hypoglycemia: Check your blood sugar level first. If it is less than 70mg/dl:
Take 15 grams of carbohydrate; choose a carbohydrate source that has less or no fat
Again check your blood glucose level after 15 minutes of taking the carbohydrates
If it is still low, consume 15 grams of carbohydrate again. Again check your level after 15 minutes
Again take 15 grams of carbohydrate to prevent your blood glucose from falling again

                                                                                                                                                          Ashish Jha

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